Social Security benefits are a crucial part of millions of Americans’ retirement income. If you don’t have enough Social Security credits to qualify for benefits on your own record, you may be able to receive benefits on your spouse’s record.
Spousal benefits apply equally to both heterosexual and same-sex couples. Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, as well as most states, do not recognize consensual union as legal marriage. Therefore, to qualify for possible Social Security benefits as a spouse, the union had to be formalized with a marriage certificate. At the time of applying for benefits, the couple must have been married for at least one year, unless they have biological children together.
To qualify for spouse’s benefits, you must be one of the following:
· 62 years of age or older.
· Any age and have in your care a child younger than age 16, or who has a disability and is entitled to receive benefits on your spouse’s record.
Your spouse’s full benefit could be up to one-half the amount your spouse would be entitled to receive at his/her full retirement age. We clarify that the possible benefit to the spouse will not reduce the amount that the insured person receives from Social Security -unless there is a court order related to child support or alimony-. If you choose to receive your spouse’s benefits before reaching full retirement age, you will get a permanently reduced benefit. If you wait until you reach full retirement age to receive benefits, you’ll receive your full spouse’s benefit amount, which is up to one-half the amount your spouse can receive. You’ll also get your full spouse’s benefit if you are under full retirement age, but care for a child and one of the following applies:
· The child is younger than age 16.
· The child has a disability and is entitled to receive benefits on your spouse’s record.
If you’re eligible to receive retirement benefits on your own record, we will pay that amount first. If your benefits as a spouse are higher than your own retirement benefits, you will get a combination of benefits that equal the higher spouse benefit.
For example, Sandy qualifies for a retirement benefit of $1,000 and a spouse’s benefit of $1,250. At her full retirement age, she will receive her own $1,000 retirement benefit. We will add $250 from her spouse’s benefit, for a total of $1,250.
Want to apply for either your or your spouse’s benefits? Are you at least 61 years and nine months old? If you answered yes to both, visit www.ssa.gov/benefits/retirement to get started today.
Are you divorced from a marriage that lasted at least 10 years? You may be able to get benefits on your former spouse’s record. You can find out more by visiting www.ssa.gov/planners/retire/divspouse.html for more information.
Clarify questions on Social Security’s benefits and services by calling 1-800-772-1213 or accessing www.socialsecurity,gov